Mon. Mar 27th, 2023

BHUBANESWAR: A group of researchers from the Institute of Physics (IoP) Bhubaneswar has developed a device that can exhibit brain-like learning behaviour. It will play a vital role in future neuromorphic computing architecture and has the potential to bring revolution in the field of artificial intelligence (AI).
“The realm of AI is expanding day by day on the shoulder of existing binary computing and complicated software. However, a dilemma lies in the hardware level that hampers the growth of AI.
In the current computational hardware, the memory and processing unit are physically separated. Significant amount of power and time is consumed due to the transfer of data from memory to processor and vice versa during the computational process,” said IoP’s professor Satyaprakash Sahoo.
Alternatively, the human brain can process data more efficiently and smartly than the traditional computer, more importantly the memory and processor in the human brain occur in the synapse (a junction between two neurons). “It is believed that the human brain consists of about 10 synapses,” said Sahoo.
Currently, he said scientists are focusing on constructing artificial synapses/devices that could mimic the function of the human brain.
The group of researchers — Mousam Charan Sahu, Sameer Kumar Mallik, Anjan Kumar Jena and Sandhyarani Sahoo — from the institute led by Sahoo have fabricated a tiny transistor device (4 microns) using a single-layer ultra-thin Molybdenum Disulphide (MoS2) that can emulate biological synapse behaviour.

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Tanushree K

By Tanushree


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